ArgyleHouse03

The Argyle House Cat

While riding down Embassy Row in northwest D.C.’s Sheridan-Kalorama neighborhood during this bike ride, I saw what appeared to be a cat precariously perched on the roof of the house located at 2201 Massachusetts Avenue (MAP).  Not knowing if it was stuck or just sitting there taking in the view, I decided to take a closer look.  But upon closer inspection it turned out that it wasn’t actually a cat at all. It was a lone, gargoyle-like statue of a cat. Finding this to be unique to the neighborhood as well as interesting, I decided to try to learn more about the cat and the house upon which it sits.

Commonly known as the Argyle House, but also referred to as the Abercrombie-Miller house or Miller House, it is a Beaux-Arts mansion designed by the associate architect of the Library of Congress, Paul J. Pelz. Constructed around 1901, it was originally built for a wealthy, retired Navy Commander named Frederick Augustus Abercrombie-Miller. A few years after Miller passed away in 1908, the house was sold by his widow, and subsequently changed hands several times after that. During most of the 1920s it was owned by D.C. developer Harry Wardman or his business partners, who between 1923 and 1926 leased it to the Costa Rican and Salvadorean Legations. But like many mansions in D.C. at that time, it was divided into apartments during the Great Depression and rented as a boarding house. Today the Argyle House has been converted into a nine condominium units.

An integral part of the original house is the 500-square-foot, semi-detached garage, which is located adjacent to the alley behind the house, which can be accessed around the corner on 22nd Street.  Built at the same time as the house, it’s one of the first local constructions of its kind designed specifically as a garage to store an automobile instead of a stable house for a horse carriage. From 1986 to 2009 the garage was used by Olga Hirschhorn, widow of entrepreneur Joseph Herman Hirshhorn, and founder D.C.’s Hirshhorn Museum, to store part of her art collection. Hirschhorn named the structure her “Mouse House”, in a lighthearted reference to the house’s cat statue.

So what about that cat statue? It turns out that because Miller had been a Naval officer, the house includes a number of maritime architectural accents.  Among them is the cat on the ledge facing Massachusetts Avenue, which is intended to depict a ship’s cat.  Ship cats were a common feature on many trading, exploration, and naval ships of that time. The cats not only offered companionship to sailors who could be away from home for long periods, but would catch mice and rats aboard the ship, which could otherwise cause damage to ropes, woodwork and other parts of the ship, as well as damage to the cargo and provisions the ship was carrying. The ship cats could also be integral to preventing the spread of disease, which could be carried by the rats and mice, to other parts of the world.

So the Argyle House cat continues to sit there as it has for over a century, with most passersby oblivious to it.  And of those who do see it, most don’t know anything about it or why it’s there.  But now I do, and so do you.

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[Click on the thumbnails above to view the full size photos]

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Comments
  1. Very inyteresting post, especially the info about having cats on board ships.

    Like

  2. Carolyn Guss says:

    I lived on Florida Avenue, around the corner from the Argyle House, in September 1984, during the massive fire (possibly arson) that nearly destroyed this glorious building. The fire’s heat that night was so intense that it melted the paint from a Stop sign on our block. Many of us neighborhood residents feared that the cat sculpture, which fell from the building during the fire, had been destroyed. But, true to cats and their infamous nine lives, it was found undamaged in the rubble outside, and was able to be reattached when the building was restored a couple of years later. What an unforgettable night that was; I still have the newspaper clippings from the fire and its aftermath. I have never learned, however, the cause of the fire, and if it indeed was arson. A man was sighted in the building about twenty minutes before it broke out, and flammable liquid in a container was found on the lower and upper floors.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Carolyn Guss says:

    Oops–Nostalgia City sometimes blurs memories. My earlier “reply” mentioned living around the corner from the Argyle House on “Florida Avenue,” when I meant “Q Street: I lived in an apartment at 2029 Q Street the night of the massive fire that almost destroyed the Argyle. My first DC residence was an apartment on Florida Avenue, a few blocks away. Sorry for the error.

    Like

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